Positive and Negative
Negative Ions and Ozone:
Myths vs. Facts
Alaska Science Forum: Negative
Ions Can Do Strange Things
Air - Advanced Research on Atmospheric Ions
Asthma and Ions
Engineering - Penn State University
How do plants remove chemical
vapor from the air?
Negative Ions Create
Why Are Negative Ions
Treatment Of Seasonal Affective
Disorder with a High-output Negative Ion Generator
The Effects of Air Quality
on the Serotonin Irritation Syndrome
Negative Ions and
Negative ions improve asthma
and other respiratory conditions
Reduce and/or destroy bacteria,
viruses and other microbe
Negative ions are needed
in order to take in oxygen
Negative ions counteract
the effects of smoking.
Negative ions help prevent
Negative ions help prevent
Negative ions are a
Negative Ions Enhance Mental
Performance and Concentration.
Negative ions enhance physical
Negative Ions help us to sleep
Negative ions aid in the treatment
of burn patients.
Negative Ion Facts
When certain kinds of winds begin to blow throughout
the world, hospital admissions, suicides, and crime rates skyrocket.
One country-Switzerland- even accepts the blowing of the "Foehn" during
the commission of a crime as mitigating evidence in court.
These "notorious" desert and sea winds
are also linked to minor illnesses and malaise epidemics. Victims'
claims range from sleeplessness, irritability, tension, migraines,
nausea, palpitations and hot flashes with sweating o shills to
tremor, vertigo, swelling, breathing difficulty, and frequent intestinal
movement. In addition, elderly persons are affected with depression,
apathy, and fatigue.
What causes these "witches' winds," as they
are often called, to differ from others? What do they posses or lack
that make them a dread to the lands or oceans they blow across? Positive
According to the experts, positive ions rob us of our
good senses and dispositions, while their counterpart, negative ions,
enhance them, stimulating everything from plant growth to the human sex
OF MAJOR SIGNIFICANCE
TO YOUR HEALTH IS THE AIR YOU BREATHE
Negative ions can have a positive effect on people.
But positive ions can have a negative effect on people.
An atom that has one of its normal orbiting electrons
removed is called a positive ion. (Doesn't "positive" imply
that something has been added?)
But an atom that has an extra electron added is called a negative ion.
(Doesn't "negative" imply that something has been removed?)
So you see, it's really kind of backwards; the terms
Negative and Positive are actually reversed, in this context. It's a
misnomer that we can blame on Benjamin Franklin (so we hear) who lived
in the 1700's. Back in his time, electrons (with a "negative" charge)
and atoms were not understood correctly. But the word negative is still
being used this way; to this day, an atom with an extra electron is still
called a negative ion.
So, we're all still stuck with this 18th century terminology,
and that's why they're called "negative ions".
"Remember that feeling you've experienced near
a waterfall or high in the mountains? Those are two places that thousands
of negative ions occur. They create an effect on human biochemistry."
" The normal Ion count in fresh country air is 2,000 to 4,000 negative Ions
per cubic centimeter (about the size of a sugar cube). At Yosemite Falls, you'll
experience over 100,000 negative Ions per cubic centimeter. On the other hand,
the level is far below 100 per cubic centimeter on the Los Angeles freeways during
Depression and mood- Negative ions also have been shown
to help lift mood, alleviate depression and seasonal affective disorder
(winter depression or SAD). There is even a patent by a prominent researcher
and institution for the treatment of depression with negative ions.
is a respiratory disease caused by an immune reaction to inhaling
aerosols containing various organic materials. It can occur as
an acute problem and symptoms of fever, chills, coughing, myalgia,
shortness of breath, lethargy and malaise begin some 4 to 6 hours
after breathing the contaminated aerosol. These symptoms can persist
for another 18 to 24 hours unless re exposure occurs. With repeated
exposures, symptoms become increasingly severe and eventually lung
damage can occur."
" Molds, mildews, fungi, bacteria, viruses and dust mites need moisture
to thrive. Your humidifier may be providing the perfect environment for them.
Humidifier fever is a respiratory illness caused by exposure to toxins from microorganisms
found in wet or moist areas in humidifiers and air conditioners. These biological
contaminants leave a humidifier in the form of fine water droplets and are inhaled.
In addition, exposure may cause allergies, respiratory irritation, infectious
diseases and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Symptoms of "humidifier fever" range
from mild fever with headache malaise and muscle ache to acute illness with
high fever cough, chest tightness and breathlessness on exertion. Children, elderly,
and people with pre-existing conditions involving their respiratory or immune
systems are more susceptible to biological contaminants in the air.
Note: Humidifiers and vaporizers DO NOT relieve chest congestion
and may aggravate it if there is any mold growing in the machine."
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
detailed article about negative ions
has been reprinted from Reader's Digest.
Ions Can Do Strange Things
Researchers believe that through control of the electrical
charges in the air we breathe, our moods, energy and health can be markedly
One sweltering day in Philadelphia this summer a man
sat before a small metal box resting atop a hospital file cabinet. It
was plugged into an ordinary wall socket. A doctor flipped a switch.
Inside the box a small fan whirred; the box hummed distantly, like a
high-tension wire, and gave off a faint, sweetish odor. Soon the man
felt alert, magical, refreshed, as though he had been taking deep gulps
of sparkling October air. The doctor turned the machine off, switched
on another that looked just like it. The air grew quickly stale. The
man's head felt stuffy. His eyes smarted. His head began to ache. He
felt vaguely depressed and tired.
With this simple experiment, the scientist, Dr. Igho H. Kornblueh, of
the American institute of Medical Climatology, demonstrated the effect
that atmospheric ions can have on human beings. The first machine generated
negative ions; the second positive ions.
The air around us is filled with these electrically
charged particles. They are generated in invisible billions by cosmic
rays, radioactive elements in the soil, ultraviolet radiation, storms,
waterfall, winds, the friction of blowing sand or dust. Every time we
draw a breath they fill our lungs and are carried by the blood to our
body cells. They appear to have a lot to do with such varied things as
our moods, why cattle grow skittish before a storm, why rheumatic joints "tingle" when
the barometer falls, and how ants know in advance that it's going to
rain, in time to block their tunnels.
Falling barometric pressure and hot, dry, seasonal winds,
such as the Alpine Fohn and the Rocky Mountain Chinook, for example,
pack the air with an excess of positive ions. Not everyone is affected;
healthy young people swiftly adapt to the change. But countless others
are distressed. The aged come down with respiratory complaints, aching
joints; asthma sufferers wheeze and gasp; children grow cranky and perverse;
crime and suicide rates climb.
the other hand, a preponderance of negative ions spices the air with
exhilarating freshness. We feel on top of the world. Dr. C. W. Hansell,
research fellow at RCA Laboratories and an international authority on
ionization, illustrates the effect with a story about his ten-year-old
daughter. "We were outside, watching the approach of a thunderstorm.
I knew that clouds of negative ions were filling the air. Suddenly my
daughter began to dance across the grass, a radiant look in her face.
She leaped up on a low boulder, threw her arms wide to the dark sky,
and cried. 'Oh, I feel wonderful!'"
Negative ions "cure" nothing that we know
of, at most afford relief only so long as one inhales them. Many doctors
doubt their therapeutic effects. But there is a growing army of people
who swear by them.
At the University of Pennsylvania's Graduate Hospital
and at Northeastern and Frankford hospitals in Philadelphia, Dr. Kornblueh
and his associates have administered negative-ion treatments to hundreds
of patients suffering from hay fever or bronchial asthma. Of the total,
63 percent have experienced partial to total relief. "They come
in sneezing, eyes watering, noses itching, worn out from lack of sleep,
so miserable they can hardly walk," one doctor told me. "Fifteen
minutes in front of the negative-ion machine and they feel so much better
they don't want to leave."
It was RCA's Dr. Hansell who, in 1932, stumbled upon
the behavioral effects of artificially generated ions. He notice a startling
swing in the moods of a fellow RCA scientist who worked beside an electrostatic
generator. Some days the scientist finished work alert and in bubbling
good spirits. On other days he was rude, ill-tempered, depressed. Dr.
Hansell investigated found that the scientist was happy when the generator
was adjusted to produce negative ions, morose when it was producing positive
ions. A few months later, reports of ionization research in Europe confirmed
the strange experience.
A few years ago atmospheric ions became suddenly important
to military, researchers in environmental medicine. How would they affect
men locked in submarines? In space ships? What were the possibilities
of ions therapy? Research programs multiplied, with fantastic results.
In Philadelphia Dr. Kornblueh studied brain-wave patterns
and found evidence that negative ions tranquilized persons in severe
pain. In one dramatic test he held a negative ionizer to the nose and
mouth of a factory worker who had been rushed to Northeastern Hospital
with second-degree steam burns on his back and legs. In minutes the pain
was gone. Morphine, customarily administered in such cases, was never
Today all burn cases at Northeastern are immediately
put in a windowless, ion conditioned room. In ten minutes, usually, the
pain has gone. Patients are left in the room for 30 minutes. The treatment
is repeated three times every 24 hours. In 85 percents of the cases no
pain-deadening narcotics are needed. Says Northeastern's Dr. Robert McGowan, "Negative
ions make burns dry out faster, heal faster and with less scarring. They
also reduce the need for skin-grafting. They make the patient more optimistic.
He sleeps better.
Encouraged by this success in burn therapy, Dr. Kornblueh, Dr. J. R.
Minehart, Northeastern's chief surgeon, and his associate Dr. T. A. David
boldly tried negative ions in relief of deep, postoperative pain. During
an eight month test period they exposed 138 patients to negative ions
on the first and second days after surgery. Dr. Kornblueh has just announced
the results at a London congress of bioclimatologists. In 79 cases 57
percent of the total negative ions eliminated or drastically reduced
pain. "At first," says Dr. Minehart, "I thought
it was voodoo. Now I'm convinced that it's real and revolutionary."
"All types of electronic gadgets,
from high tension power lines to microwave ovens, hair dryers,
air conditioners, furnaces, and so forth, almost always emit
positive ions. Then there are the vehicles we drive and ride
in - - the exhaust fumes from cars, trucks, buses, subways, and
airplanes generate unbelievable tons of positive ions which poison
the very air we breathe."
John Heinerman, Ph.D., Folk Medicine Journal, Summer 1993
Clean air…" If you Can't
Breathe, Nothing Else Matters"-- American Lung Association
Air Pollutants Linked To Heart Attack
DALLAS, June 12 – As few as two hours after being inhaled, tiny, invisible air pollutants can penetrate the lungs’ natural defenses and may trigger a heart attack, according to a report in today’s Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association,,,More
THE ION SENSITIVITY
ANSWERED “YES” TO 4 OR MORE QUESTIONS,
NEGATIVE IONS COULD BENEFIT YOU.
the air you breath in your car?
Car Air Ionizers can improve air quality, create wellness, reduce
airborne Bacteria, and promote a more positive state of mind. Car
Air Ionizers increase the concentration of negative ions in the
air, refreshing the air by removing Mildew, Dust, and Smoke. A
Car Air Ionizer can help maintain a Naturally Beneficial Environment
inside your car allowing you to stay more Alert and Relaxed helping
you become a Safer Driver. It is very easy to install. Just push
the Ionizer into the Cigarette Lighter Adapter until the "ON" indicator
lights up. The Car Ionizer will create a smell the same as in Nature
after a Thunder Storm.
Experiments by Dr. Albert P. Krueger and Dr. Richard
F. Smith at the University of California have shown how ionization affects
those sensitive to airborne allergens. Our bronchial tubes and trachea,
or windpipe, are lined with tiny filaments called cilia. The cilia normally
maintain a whip like motion of about 900 beats a minute. Together with
mucus, they keep our air passages free of dust and pollen. Krueger and
Smith exposed tracheal tissue to negative ions, found that the ciliary
beat was speeded up 1200 a minute and that mucus flow was increased.
Doses of positive ions produced the opposite effect: ciliary beat slowed
to 600 a minute or less; the flow of mucus dropped.
In experiments that may prove important in cancer research.
Drs. Krueger and Smith also discovered that cigarette smoke slows down
the cilia and impairs their ability to clear foreign, and possibly carcinogenic
(cancer-inducing), substances from the lungs. Positive ions, administered
along with cigarette smoke, lowered the ciliary beat as before, but from
three to ten time faster than in normal air. Negative ions however, counteracted
the effects of the smoke. Observed Dr. Krueger, "The agent in cigarette
smoke that slows down the ciliary beat is not known. Whatever it may
be, its action is effectively neutralized by negative ions, which raise
the ciliary beat as well in a heavy atmosphere of cigarette smoke as
they do in fresh air."
How do ions trip off our moods? Most authorities agree that ions act
on our capacity to absorb and utilize oxygen. Negative ions in the blood
stream accelerate the delivery of oxygen to our cells and tissues, frequently
giving us the same euphoric jolt that we get from a few whiffs of straight
Positive ions slow down the delivery of oxygen, producing
symptoms markedly like those in anoxia, or oxygen starvation. Researchers
also believe that negative ions may stimulate the reticuloendothelial
system; a group of defense cells in our bodies which marshal our resistance
Dr. Krueger predicts that we shall some day regulate
the ion level indoors much as we now regulate temperature and humidity.
Ironically, today's air-conditioned buildings, trains and planes frequently
become supercharged with harmful positive ions because the metal blowers,
filters and ducts of air-conditioning systems strip the air of negative
ions before it reaches its destination. Says RCA's Dr. Hansell, "This
explains why so many people in air conditioned spots feel depressed and
have an urge to throw open a window."
Air conditioner manufacturers are designing new systems
that increase negative ionization. The American Broadcasting Co. will
equip its new 30 story New York City headquarters with ion control. Two
national concerns, Philco and Emerson Electric, already have ion control
air conditioning systems on the market. RCA, Westinghouse, General Electric
and Carrier Corp. have similar products under study or development.
We still have much to learn about atmospheric ions .
But researches believe that these magic bits of electricity, under artificial
control, will soon be helping millions to healthier, happier, more productive
by Robert O’Brian
Condensed from The Rotarian.