A generation ago, many Peoples believed that medical science
had conquered infectious diseases. Vaccines protected against
the ravages of smallpox, whooping cough, and polio. New
antibiotic drugs cured diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumonia,
and streptococcal infections. In the United States and
other industrialized nations, cleaner, safer living conditions
had virtually eliminated malaria, cholera, and other severe
diarrheal and parasitic diseases.
Despite a myriad of medical advances, infectious diseases
today remain among the most serious challenges to public
health, killing more people worldwide than any other single
cause. In the United States, new diseases such as AIDS,
Lyme disease, Legionnaires disease, hantavirus pulmonary
syndrome, and hepatitis C have emerged to sicken or kill
thousands of people each year.
In addition, other new diseases that seemed to be under
control are now reappearing. Many microbes and insect vectors
of disease are undeterred by previously effective control
strategies. For example, some tuberculosis bacteria are
no longer susceptible to antibiotics, and many mosquitoes
carrying malaria parasites are resistant to insecticides.
Diseases are also spreading to new geographic locationscholera
outbreaks in South America and dengue fever in the southern
|According to Nobel
Prize winner Otto Warburg, healthy cells have
voltages of 70 to 90 millivolts. Due to stress,
toxins and aging, cellvoltage can drop. If it
drops to 50 mv, a person may experience chronic
fatigue and a weakened immune system. If it drops
to 15, the cell often becomes cancerous.
Lakhovsky expressed philosophy was that “the
amplitude of cell oscillations must
reach a certain value, in order that the organism
be strong enough to repulse the destructive vibrations
from certain microbes
Inside your body there is an amazing
protection mechanism called the immune system. It is
designed to defend you against millions of bacteria,
microbes, viruses, toxins and parasites that would love
to invade your body. To understand the power of the immune
system, all that you have to do is look at what happens
to anything once it dies. That sounds gross, but it does
show you something very important about your immune system.
The human immune system is a truly
amazing constellation of responses to attacks from outside
the body. It has many facets, a number of which can change
to optimize the response to these unwanted intrusions.
The system is remarkably effective, most of the time.
of the Immune System
The immune system operates throughout the
body. There are, however, certain sites where the cells
of the immune system are organised into specific structures.
These are classified as central lymphoid tissue (bone marrow,
thymus) and peripheral lymphoid tissue (lymph nodes, spleen,
mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue):
All the cells of the immune system are derived from stem
cells in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the site of
origin of red blood cells, white cells (including lymphocytes
and macrophages) and platelets. The cells of the immune
system are considered in detail elsewhere.
In the thymus gland lymphoid cells undergo a process of
maturation and education prior to release into the circulation.
This process allows T cells to develop the important attribute
known as self tolerance.
a) Anatomy: The
thymus gland is found in the thorax in the anterior mediastinum.
It gradually enlarges during childhood but after puberty
it undergoes a process of involution resulting in a reduction
in the functioning mass of the gland. It continues to function
throughout life, however.
b) Histology: The
thymus gland is arranged into an outer, more cellular,
cortex and an inner, less cellular, medulla. Immature lymphoid
cells enter the cortex proliferate, mature and pass on
to the medulla. From the medulla mature T lymphocytes enter
In 1898, Tesla published a paper that
he read at the eighth annual meeting of the
American Electro-Therapeutic Association in
Buffalo, NY entitled, “High Frequency
Oscillators for Electro-Therapeutic and Other
He states that “One of the early observed
and remarkable features of the high frequency currents,
and one which was chiefly of interest to the physician,
was their apparent harmlessness which made it possible
to pass relatively great amounts of electrical
energy through the body of a person without causing
pain or serious discomfort.” Coils up to
three feet in diameter were used for magnetically
treating the body without contact.
Tesla also indicates that the
after-effect from his coil treatment “was
electrical currents are bringing about highly
beneficial results in dealing with cancer,
surpassing anything that could be accomplished
with ordinary surgery.”
cell types are present:
other supporting cells
Thymic epithelial cells have different appearances in
different locations within the gland. They form a continuous
sub-capsular layer and a network in the cortex and medulla.
Deep in the medulla they are also aggregated into Hassall's
Lymph nodes are small bean shaped structures lying along
the course of lymphatics. They are aggregated in particular
sites such as the neck, axillae, groins and para-aortic
region. Knowledge of the sites of lymph nodes is important
in physical examination of patients.
Lymph nodes have two main functions:
phagocytic cells act as filters for particulate matter
antigen is presented to the immune system
Lymph nodes have a fibrous capsule from which trabeculae
extend towards the centre thus forming a framework:
|The immune system is
important to cancer patients in many ways
The cancer can weaken
the immune system
Cancer treatment can weaken the immune system The immune
system may help to fight your bodies cancer
The cancer can weaken the immune system by invading the
bone marrow where the cells that help fight infection are
made. This happens most often in leukaemia or lymphoma.
But it can happen with other cancers too.
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy
can weaken immunity by causing a drop in the number
of white blood cells made in the bone marrow. Apart
from bone marrow or stem cell transplants, this effect
on the bone marrow is temporary.
Some cells of the immune
system can recognise cancer cells as abnormal and
kill them. Unfortunately, this is not enough to get
rid of a cancer altogether. Some NATURAL treatments
aim to use the immune system to fight cancer.
The node is made
up of three components:
parenchyma (cortex, paracortex, medulla)
B cells: These enter the lymph node via HEVs and pass to the
follicles. If activated by antigenic stimulation they proliferate
and remain in the node. Unstimulated B cells, however, pass out
rapidly from the node to return to the general circulation. Activated
B cells within the lymphoid follicles are known as follicle centre
cells. The pale staining central area of a secondary follicle
is known as a germinal centre and this is surrounded by a mantle
zone consisting of small, naive B cells and a few T cells.
The follicle centre cells within the germinal centres consist
of cells with cleaved nuclei (centrocytes) and cells with larger
more open nuclei and several nucleoli (centroblasts).
Stimulated mature B cells responding to antigen change into centrocytes
and then centroblasts. The centroblasts leave the follicle and
pass to the paracortex and medullary sinuses, where they become
immunoblasts. The immunoblasts divide to give rise to plasma
cells or memory B cells which are ready for their next encounter
with specific antigen.
Accessory cells: Lymphocytes alone are not to make an effective
immune response. They are assisted by so-called accessory cells.
These may be grouped as follows:
sinus macrophages (highly phagocytic)
tingible body macrophages (ingest cellular debris in germinal
marginal zone macrophages (found beneath the subcapsular sinus)
follicular dendritic cells
The paracortex contains lymphocytes and accessory cells along
with supporting cells and it is the predominant site for T
lymphocytes within the lymph node.
T cells: The various types of T cell enter the node from the
blood via the HEVs. When activated they form lymphoblasts which
divide to produce a clone of T cells responding to a specific
antigen. Activated T cells then pass into the circulation to
reach peripheral sites.
Accessory cells: Interdigitating cells are numerous in the paracortex
and they act as antigen presenting cells.
The medulla comprises:
large blood vessels
The medullary cords are rich in plasma cells which produce antibodies
that pass out of the node via the efferent lymphatic. Macrophages
are also numerous within the medulla.
e) Passage of lymph
Lymph passes into the node through the afferent lymphatic into
the marginal sinus, though the cortical sinuses to reach the
medullary sinuses before leaving via the efferent lymphatic.
Particulate matter in the lymph is removed by macrophages.
Antigens are taken up by antigen presenting cells and these
facilitate the specific immune response. Less than 10% of lymphocytes
enter the node in the lymph, the large majority entering from
the blood via the HEVs.
The spleen is located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen.
It has two main functions acting as part of the immune system
and as a filter.
The spleen has a thin connective tissue capsule from which short
septa extend inwards. These septa are, in turn, connected to
a complex reticulin framework.
There are two distinct components of the spleen, the red pulp
and the white pulp. The red pulp consists of large numbers of
sinuses and sinusoids filled with blood and is responsible for
the filtration function of the spleen. The white pulp consists
of aggregates of lymphoid tissue and is responsible for the immunological
function of the spleen:
There are also all kinds
of human ailments that are caused by the immune system
working in unexpected or incorrect ways that cause
problems. For example, some people have allergies.
Allergies are really just the immune system overreacting
to certain stimuli that other people don't react
to at all. Some people have diabetes, which is caused
by the immune system inappropriately attacking cells
in the pancreas and destroying them. Some people
have rheumatoid arthritis, which is caused by the
immune system acting inappropriately in the joints.
In many different diseases, the cause is actually
an immune system error
An immune cell undergoing an
b) Red pulp
There is a complex system of blood vessels within the red pulp
arranged to facilitate removal of old or damaged red blood
cells from the circulation. A small proportion of the splenic
blood flow passes through more rapidly without undergoing this
process of filtration.
c) White pulp
The white pulp contains T cells, B cells and accessory cells.
There are many similarities with lymph node structure. The purpose
of the white pulp is to mount an immunological response to antigens
within the blood. The white pulp is present in the form of a
periarteriolar lymphoid sheath. This sheath contains B cell follicles
and T cells. At the edge of the T zone is a region known as the
marginal zone where larger lymphocytes and antigen presenting
dendritic cells are located.
5) Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
In addition to the lymphoid tissue concentrated within the lymph
nodes and spleen, lymphoid tissue is also found at other sites,
most notably the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract and
Gut associated lymphoid tissue
tonsils, adenoids (Waldeyer's ring)
lymphoid aggregates in the appendix and large intestine
lymphoid tissue accumulating with age in the stomach
small lymphoid aggregates in the oesophagus
diffusely distributed lymphoid cells and plasma cells in the
lamina propria of the gut
Large aggregates of GALT have distinct B cell follicles and T
cell areas. Antigen presenting accessory cells are also present.
|There are several ways that
these natural protection mechanisms can be damaged if
you have cancer
• Something that breaks the skin barrier such as a drip or a wound from
• Chemotherapy damage to the lining of the gut (for example if you have
had a lot of diarrhoea as a side effect)
• A catheter into your bladder (bacteria can 'climb' the catheter and get
inside the bladder causing infection)
• Radiotherapy to the lung which can temporarily damage the hairs and mucus
producing cells that help to remove bacteria
• Antacids for heartburn which neutralise the stomach acid that kills bacteria
• Chemotherapy can temporarily reduce the number of neutrophils in the
blood (the 'neutrophil count') which means it is more difficult for you to fight
These are quite large aggregates of lymphoid tissue found in
the small intestine. The overlying 'dome' epithelium contains
large numbers of intraepithelial lymphocytes. Some of the epithelial
cells have complex microfolds in their surfaces. They are known
as M cells and are believed to be important in the transfer of
antigen from the gut lumen to Peyer's Patches. Peyer's Patches
facilitate the generation of an immune response within the mucosa.
B cell precursors and memory cells are stimulated by antigen
in Peyer's Patches. Cells pass to the mesenteric lymph nodes
where the immune response is amplified. Activated lymphocytes
pass into the blood stream via the thoracic duct. These cells
then home in the gut and carry out their final effector functions.
HEVs are not present in Peyer's Patches and the mechanism by
which cells home in on mucosal sites is unknown. Cell surface
molecules known as addressins may have a role.
6) Lymphocyte recirculation
Lymphocytes and some mononuclear phagocytes can recirculate between
lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues. This helps in allowing lymphocytes
to be exposed to the antigens which they recognise and is, therefore,
valuable in the distribution of effector cells of the immune
response to the sites where they are needed:
|A malfunctioning immune
system can cause allergies or arthritis and can fail
to stop the growth of cancer cells.
The recirculation is a complex process depending
on interactions between the cells of the immune response and
other cell types such as endothelial cells. virgin lymphocytes
move from the primary to secondary lymphoid tissue via the blood
activated lymphocytes move from the spleen, lymph nodes and MALT
into the blood and thence to other lymphoid and non-lymphoid
tissues antigen presenting cells such as macrophages and dendritic
cells may carry antigen back to lymphoid tissues from the periphery.
The complex patterns of recircultion depend on the state of activation
of the lymphocytes, the adhesion molecules expressed by endothelial
cells and the presence of chemotactic molecules which selectively
attract particular populations of lymphocytes or macrophages.
cells and T cells
The white blood cells involved in the acquired immune response
are called 'lymphocytes'. There are two main types of lymphocytes
- B cells and T cells. B and T lymphocytes are made in the
bone marrow, like the other blood cells. They have to fully
mature before they can help in the immune response. B cells
mature in the bone marrow. But the immature T cells travel
through the blood stream to the thymus gland where they become
Once they are fully mature, the B and T cells
travel to the spleen and nodes ready to fight infection.
What do B cells do?
B cells react against invading bacteria or viruses
by making proteins called antibodies. The antibody made is
different for each different bug. The antibody locks onto the
surface of the invading bacteria or virus. The invader is then
marked with the antibody so that the body knows it is dangerous
and it can be killed off.
The B cells are part of the memory of the immune system. The
next time the same bug tries to invade, the B cells that
make the right antibody are ready for it. They are able to
make their antibody more quickly than the first time the
|In the presence of cancer or
the invasion of a dangerous microorganism, your body
quickly produces these highly reactive and unstable
warrior molecules to take quick action against the
enemy germ or physical insult. You can blame free radicals
and other elements in the generalized defensive response
for the swelling, redness, heat, and pain collectively
known as inflammation. Because they are non-specific,
free radicals cause the same damage to harmful bacteria
as they do to healthy cells, if those healthy cells
happen to be in their way.
Antioxidants and Radiation or Chemotherapy
Antioxidant vitamins destroy free radicals, and free
radicals help destroy cancer cells. Because radiation
therapy and certain chemotherapies (such as Adriamycin)
work in part by producing free radicals to attack cancer
cells, some scientists think the vitamins might reduce
this cancer-fighting effect. Many oncologists therefore
tell their patients to avoid antioxidant vitamins during
After the free radicals finish their work, they're turned
off, and are converted into non-reactive, harmless molecules.
Antioxidant vitamins are essential to this conversion
process, which is why you hear a lot about free radicals
and the antioxidant vitamins A,
C, D, and E
Antibodies are proteins made by the B cells.
They have two ends. One end sticks to proteins on the outside
of white blood cells. The other end sticks to and helps to
kill the germ or damaged cell. The end of the antibody that
sticks to the white blood cell is always the same. So it is
called the constant end. The end of the antibody that recognises
germs and damaged cells varies depending on the cell it is
designed to recognise. So it is called the variable end. Each
B cell makes antibodies with a different variable end from
other B cells. Cancer cells are not normal cells. So there
will be some antibodies with variable ends that recognise cancer
cells and stick to them.
What do T cells do?
There are different kinds of T cells called
• Helper T cells
• Killer T cells
• The helper T cells stimulate the B cells to make antibodies,
and help killer cells develop.
Killer T cells kill the body's own cells that
have been invaded by the viruses or bacteria. This prevents
the bug from reproducing in the cell and then infecting other
System and Cancer
Cancer cells start out as normal body cells, but they begin to
grow out of control because of an abnormal gene. The immune system
plays a major role in limiting the development of these abnormalities,
often before cancer has a chance to grow. This gets rid of many
cancerous cells before they can do any harm. Damaged, pre-cancerous
cells may be a constant presence, but an ever-alert immune system
takes them out and protects us from many assaults of cancer that
never get beyond the very earliest stage.
When the immune system fails
Occasionally, though, even though cells are changing from normal
to abnormal, they may still appear to be normal. Their outer
appearance (proteins and other molecules on their surface) may
look unchanged, even though profound changes may be happening
on the inside. In this way, these abnormal cells manage to escape
attack by the immune system and grow and multiply without triggering
an immune response. This is how it's possible for a tumor to
form, even when your immune system is working normally. Eventually,
however, the tumor becomes so altered and threatening that it
can no longer hide its malignant character. The immune system
is no longer fooled into recognizing these cells as normal, and
launches its attack.
The attack may succeed, or it may come too late: the tumor may
be beyond the power of the immune system by itself. The immune
system may need help—bold measures such as:
How is your health? How is the health of your
friends and loved ones? Are you and or your employer
paying enough on the health insurance for you and your
family? Are you at all concerned that bacteria all
over the planet are rapidly becoming resistant to all
antibiotics. Are you concerned that at the present
rate of development of bacteria antibiotic resistance
we will effectively be back in the pre-antibiotic era
in just a few years? We now have different types and
strains of bacteria all around the world that are only
treatable with a single type of antibiotic and these
bacteria are becoming resistant to this single antibiotic
and there are no new antibiotic types in the research
pipe line to use when these bacteria become totally
How would your friends, your family, and you
like to be free from essentially all microbe (bacteria,
viruses, fungus, and one cell organisms) caused disease
and illness without the use of antibiotics?
by Gary Wade, Physicist and Research Director of the American
Institute of Rehabilitation, 11/14/00
these immune challenges be met?
In 1925, Georges Lakhovsky published a paper with the explicit
title of “Curing
Cancer with Ultra Radio Frequencies” in Radio News.
His expressed philosophy was
that “the amplitude of cell oscillations must reach a certain
value, in order that the
organism be strong enough to repulse the destructive vibrations
from certain microbes.” He goes on to say, “The remedy
in my opinion, is not to kill the microbes in contact with the
healthy cells but to reinforce the oscillations of the cell either
directly by reinforcing the radio activity of the blood or in
producing on the cells a direct action by means of the proper
rays.” Lakhovsky’s Radio-Cellulo-Oscillator (RCO)
produced low frequency ELF all the way through gigahertz radiowaves
with lots of “extremely short harmonics.” He
favored such a wide bandwidth device so that, “The cells
with very weak vibrations, when placed in the field of multiple
vibrations, finds its own frequency and starts again to oscillate
normally through the phenomenon of resonance.” As a result,
Lakhovsky’s RCO is now more often called MWO (multiple
wave oscillator) for these reasons. The MWO uses a Tesla coil
and special antenna with concentric rings that induce multiple
sparks between them
We believe that in the future if the powers to be are retrained
every home will be using this amazing technology...
When a body becomes overwhelmed with toxic substances, thoughts
or feelings, the positive bio-electric field is immensely lowered
in vibration and frequency. In other words, our body has a higher
frequency or vibration when it is healthy and a lower vibration
when it is sick.
Healthy cells, according to Nobel prize winner Otto Warburg,
have cell voltages of 70 to 90 millivolts. Due to the constant
stresses of modern life and a toxic environment, cell voltage
tends to drop as we age or get sick. As the voltage drops, the
cells are unable to maintain a healthy environment for themselves.
If the electrical charge of a cell drops to 50, a person can
become chronically fatigued and may get sick often. If the voltage
drops to 15, the cell becomes diseased. When the body's immune
system gets overwhelmed and cannot fight an abundance of toxins
and then we continue to put toxins into our bodies and minds
such as alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, negative fear-based thoughts
and heavy emotions, we can experience a physical imbalance.
In 1898, Tesla published a paper that he read at the eighth
annual meeting of the American Electro-Therapeutic Association
in Buffalo, NY entitled, “High Frequency Oscillators
for Electro-Therapeutic and Other Purposes.”
He states that “One of the early observed and remarkable
features of the high frequency currents, and one which
was chiefly of interest to the physician, was their apparent
harmlessness which made it possible to pass relatively
great amounts of electrical energy through the body of
a person without causing pain or serious discomfort.” Coils
up to three feet in diameter were used for magnetically
treating the body without contact.
Tesla also indicates that the
after-effect from his coil treatment “was certainly
“Tesla’s high-frequency electrical currents
are bringing about highly beneficial results in dealing
with cancer, surpassing anything that could be accomplished
with ordinary surgery.”
The atoms of a body that are being affected by a negative condition,
have an oscillating rate that is lower than it was originally
designed to have. After many months or years of this internal
dis-harmony, our immune system can weaken and the symptoms begin
to show in the form of an actual terminal physical imbalance
or disease. All cells have small electrically powered pumps whose
function is to bring in nourishment, and take out toxins. Imagine
going into a house where the power has been turned off. The plumping
wouldn't operate so the toilets wouldn't work. There would be
no running water; therefore, no showers or baths could be taken
and doing dishes would be impossible. The refrigerator wouldn't
work so there wouldn't be any food to eat, and the food that
was in there would go bad. Add to that trash strike and now trash
is piling up. As you could guess, anyone living in that house
would probably get sick.
It is the same for the cells of the body. Without enough energy
to operate, the cells become toxic and malnourished. Then, when
presented with an infectious organism they have lost the vitality
One way to efficiently and safely raise cell voltages is with
a device called an MWO. Invented by Georges Lakhovsky in the
early 1900's. Dr. Lakhovsky discovered that healthy cells acted
like little batteries and discovered how to recharge them (raise
their voltages). He found that transmitting energy in the range
between 750,000 hertz and 3,000,000,000 hertz raised the cell's
Dr. Lakhovsky had great results with all types of physical imbalances.
Most illness is an autoimmune illness. When your immune system
cannot ward off a problem in your system in time, something fails.
Your only defense is your immune system. By raising the oscillating
frequency of every atom in your body, we are increasing the rate
at which the immune system operates as well as eliminating the
negative toxins that your body is trying to fight off.
How can these
immune challenges be met?
Click on the links below....
Besides this technical information, the life of
Lakhovsky is a study in suppression and summarized below in a
paper by Chris Bird:
The first man I will mention today is the Russian-born Frenchman,
Lakhovsky. I learned only yesterday that Lakhovsky seems to have
been an associate, or knew, Nikola Tesla. I had not known that
and from the point of view of the history of energy medicine,
it's a very interesting thing. At any rate, Georges Lakhovsky
began to experiment with what he called a "multiwave oscillator." (In
the Library of Congress there are some ten books written by Lakhovsky,
all in French.)
This multiwave oscillator (MWO) put out a very broad spectrum
electromagnetic frequencies. The theory, as propounded by Lakhovsky,
was that each cell in the body of an organism-be it a plant,
an animal, or a human being-is in itself a little radio receiver
and works on its own special little frequency. Each cell, in
addition to being tissue, in addition to being biology, is also
electricity. On that theory, he held that pathology was a not
matter of biological concern or intervention, but one of electrical
concern and intervention. He theorized that from the bath of
electrical frequencies put out by the multiwave oscillator, each
cell individually could and would select that frequency which
it most needed to restore its equilibrium.
So he began to experiment not with animals or human beings, but
These were geraniums which had cancers-plants get cancers too.
And, lo and behold, the geraniums were cured of their cancers;
which simply began to fall off since they are external in the
case of geraniums. The geraniums would just shed the diseased
tissues when exposed to the MWO. Lakhovsky then went on to do
work on animals and human beings and his work was picked up by
doctors in six or seven countries, among them Italy, Sweden and
Brazil. Finally, because he was on the "wanted" list
of the Nazis, he was smuggled out of France and came to New York
during the war, where he worked with a urologist. The record
of his treatment of degenerative disease, with what amounts to
an early "energy-medicine" device, was remarkable.
But the work had to be done in secret because orthodox medicine
did not favor this device, and its power, associated with that
of the FDA and the AMA and other "control organizations," kept
the MWO underground.
The Lakhovsky device is a very effective one. I'm not going to
say that it's 100%
effective because I don't think any device is, but it is way
up there. Georges
Lakhovsky died in 1944 or 1945.
by Chris Bird:
Immune System Debate
There are a number of body areas that are definitely under-researched
as they are not readily visible to microscopes, let alone the
naked eye. The lymphatic system, nervous system, and the immune
system are the most talked about. Our immune systems keep disease
at bay and try to rally round the wagons when invaders appear.
Weve been told to visualize our white blood cells fighting
off viruses, bacteria and even cancer as well as visualizing
pain retreating and becoming manageable. Biofeedback has become
a part of mainstream medicine. So, to some extent, our minds
control what the rest of our bodies do, and whether or not everything
functions properly. That means, the immune system is not an individual
section of the body that is independent of our organs and skeletal
Its no wonder that stress, worry, fear, lack of money,
relationship problems, family conflict and work issues have been
found to affect the immune system, opening our bodies to all
manner of attackers. How can we be healthy when our minds are
occupied 18 hours a day (assuming we sleep for 8 hours) with
fending off outside influences. Since the 1950s our collective
lives have become much more complicated. Women in those days
thought that they were unfulfilled because they didnt work
outside the home. Now, women wonder how they got into the position
working two full time jobs (one of them totally unpaid) with
no relief in sight? No wonder many men and women are opting out
of the rat race and trying to get back to a semblance of the
simple life. I now know why most people yearn for a cottage by
a lake or a cabin in the wilderness by a babbling brook.
A therapy based on the immune system is the Rife Cancer
treatment which uses high frequencies to eliminate parasites
that have invaded the organ that is affected. First comes the
parasite/virus, and then the cancer. A depressed immune system
allows this to happen and when the cancer cells start multiplying,
the body cannot fight back.
Something as simple as a cut or a scratch can tell
you if your immune system is weak or strong. If healing starts
immediately, theres no problem, but if the cuts always
become infected before eventually healing, one should start working
on the immune system.
How can these immune challenges
Click on the links below....
the immune system and cancer
Many people with cancer believe that they should strengthen their
immune systems to help beat the disease. There is a commonly
held belief that reducing stress can help to strengthen our immune
systems. This is the thinking behind some complementary therapies,
using relaxation techniques for instance.
There is some scientific evidence that stress does weaken our
immunity. Two studies looking at whether stress affected cancer
recurrence had conflicting results. While no one knows whether
strengthening immunity can help to cure cancer, most doctors
and nurses agree that reducing stress is a good thing to do.
The Immune System and the Nervous System
Biological links between the immune system and the central
nervous system exist at several levels.
Hormones and other chemicals such as neuropeptides,
which convey messages among nerve cells, have been found
also to "speak" to cells of the immune system—and
some immune cells even manufacture typical neuropeptides.
In addition, networks of nerve fibers have been found
to connect directly to the lymphoid organs.
The picture that is emerging is of closely
interlocked systems facilitating a two-way flow of information.
Immune cells, it has been suggested, may function in a
sensory capacity, detecting the arrival of foreign invaders
and relaying chemical signals to alert the brain. The brain,
for its part, may send signals that guide the traffic of
cells through the lymphoid organs.
While many life stresses cannot be avoided altogether, there
are ways of trying not to let things get to you. Many complementary
therapies such as Light
and sound, Biofeedback, CES, meditation, massage
and reflexology, for example, can be very relaxing
Balance is the
Observer Life: Health
Best of both worlds
Should the NHS embrace complementary medicine? Devon GP Michael
Dixon argues the case for an integrated health service
The NHS debate - Observer special
Sunday July 22, 2001
Some 40 per cent of GPs are happy to recommend complementary
therapies to their patients - indeed, 20 per cent offer them
on their premises. But for every doctor who is on-side, there
will be another who sees anything 'alternative' as so much hocus-pocus.
Ask senior managers in the NHS about complementary medicine and
you will probably be met with a weary smile. The new NHS, they
will tell you, is about equity, evidence and accountability.
They will say that there simply isn't enough money to offer all
patients complementary therapies, when in most parts of the country
people still have to wait more than a year for serious heart
operations. Then they will add that the evidence of efficacy
for complementary medicine is still largely unsatisfactory, and
that quality control and regulation are not good enough to justify
the taxpayer forking out for it.
The problem is that few complementary treatments, with one or
two notable exceptions, such as St John's wort, have been proved
to be effective using standard scientific methods. The same,
though, can be said of many conventional medicines - we still
don't know why aspirin works, and the truth is that conventional
medicine can be guilty of double standards, particularly when
it comes to getting research money, which largely goes to conventional
research, leaving complementary health research unfunded. So
lack of evidence is inevitable, and it will be some time before
the NHS can obtain the quality of evidence that it demands.
Some would argue, anyway, that it is wrong to separate the specific
treatment from the effects of the therapist and then subject
it to rigorous scientific analysis. The treatment, the consultation
and the methodology all go hand in hand. Complementary therapists
are particularly skilled in providing their patients with large
doses of 'the human effect'. This involves giving time, empathy,
hope and reassurance. Their approach is holistic, providing very
individual treatment and often 'works' by improving the self-esteem
and confidence of their patients. Modern research in psychoneuroimmunology
has shown that this human effect can produce major positive changes
in the immunological system. Perhaps not surprisingly as our
brains and immunological systems have developed together over
millions of years. Curing, it appears, has everything to do with
This may be true, say the cynics, but you're talking about
a placebo effect, and you can't ask taxpayers to pay for a placebo.
But it's not as simple as that. I don't think that the complementary
therapies I suggest to my patients are placebos, but I don't
know. The trouble is that with many complementary therapies,
the human effect is so great that it is often difficult to know
if the specific treatment is a placebo or not. It is possible
that many complementary therapies have a very small specific
effect of, say, 5 to 10 per cent, with a much larger 40 to 50
per cent effect due to the therapist/ patient interaction. The
overall package may be more therapeutic than giving the same
patient a strong and expensive conventional remedy with a proven
specific effect of perhaps 30 to 40 per cent, but where the added
benefit of the therapeutic encounter may be much smaller.
A couple of years ago, I published a paper in the Journal of
the Royal Society of Medicine about a healer who has been working
in our practice for nine years. The study revealed that 50 per
cent of her patients had shown considerable improvement. These
were chronically ill patients who had not been helped by any
previous conventional or complementary treatment. The editor
of that venerable journal did not challenge the findings. But
he did quite reasonably argue that the research had failed to
prove that this was not simply a placebo effect. The point is:
does it matter? Not, apparently, to the patients nor to our own
practice, which has continued to employ her.
Perhaps our concepts of symptoms, disease and health are a little
too narrow. Maybe we should consider well being and quality of
life as well when deciding whether a treatment works or not.
Patients seeing complementary therapists seem to frequently change
their attitude to their problems, themselves and their lives
generally. Complementary medicine at its best is empowering.
It encourages people to use and to recognise their own self-healing
abilities and to develop more active approaches to life beyond
the classic active/passive relationship of the conventional medical
It also encourages people to explore their own healing abilities
with others. Indeed, a new mantra of 'heal yourself by healing
others' may be a useful antidote to the alienation and unhappiness
of a culture that has encouraged individuals to concentrate only
on meeting their own needs. If the self-help philosophy of complementary
medicine can reduce the demands on orthodox medicine and leave
more resources for high-technology care when it is necessary,
then there is every reason for the NHS to embrace it warmly.
In some ways, complementary medicine is simply replacing the
vacuum left by modern medicine, which has become too confident
in its new pills and potions and has forgotten about the crucial
therapeutic effect of the interaction between patient and therapist.
Patients are wise to this. History is repeating itself. In 1666,
the physicians fled from London during the Great Plague and their
patients turned to the apothecaries, who were later to become
today's general practitioners. So it is hardly surprising that
complementary practitioners should move in to fill the void when
general practitioners proudly declare, 'Dr Finlay is dead.' Conventional
medicine should welcome them at a time when there are insufficient
conventional doctors and nurses to man the pumps.
Thus the scene is set for Integrated Medicine (integrating orthodox
and complementary care). Nationally the Federation for Integrated
medicine and its president HRH Prince Charles have been strong
advocates of this concept. The new NHS believes in patient choice.
Ergo it should offer integrated medicine, which maximises both
safety and choice. Certainly such integration has been well received
by patients in my own surgery. They have had the safety of an
orthodox medical diagnosis plus the added benefit of a complementary
approach, when conventional medicine was either not appropriate
or failed to find the answer. But the benefit is not only to
patients. Like most orthodox doctors who have dallied in the
complementary, I have radically changed my outlook and attitude
and consequently enjoy my work much more.
Complementary practitioners working in the surgery feel the
same. We have been able to learn much from each other. I used
to grit my teeth and silently fume when patients rejected my
conventional remedies and said they wanted 'something natural'.
Today, I feel quite the opposite. I know that generally what
the patient wants is more likely to make him or her better. I
am able to suggest a range of options, and when the patient goes
off to purchase the suggested 'natural' treatment, I am comforted
by the knowledge that he is saving the NHS a conventional prescription
and keeping scarce resources for when they are absolutely necessary.
So in my own practice I will continue to refer to complementary
practitioners and advise on complementary treatments. Partly
because my patients want me to, partly because they help, and
partly because they overcome the impotence of trying to match
every patient need with a limited range of conventional remedies.
A few days ago, a new patient entered my surgery in tears and
said she felt very ill. A few minutes later my computer crashed
while trying to produce her prescription. While waiting for it
to revive, we discussed potatoes, which turned out to be a subject
of mutual interest. When she got up to leave, I apologised for
talking about potatoes rather than about her. She smiled and
said that she felt much better anyway. Both of us had forgotten
about her prescription, which was still jammed in the computer.
That is how real life is. Recent research on aromatherapy suggests
that it could improve mental ability but only if the patient
believed it would. That will not stop me referring 'believers'
for aromatherapy. Indeed, I would interpret the research as showing
that I should.
As far as the wider NHS is concerned, complementary medicine
has the potential to humanise modern medicine and widen its vision
beyond pathology and illness to health and well being in its
widest sense. It adds a splash of colour to the black and white
of orthodox science. Patients, with their duality of heart and
mind, need both.
If the NHS refuses to embrace complementary medicine, then it
is refusing to listen to its own patients (75 per cent of patients
would like the NHS to offer complementary therapies). It will
be denying choice and encouraging inequity. Complementary medicine
will only be available to those who can pay for it. The NHS will
be saying that it knows better than its patients at a time when
paternalistic attitudes of this sort are supposed to be anathema.
Meanwhile, I prefer to err on the side of optimism. One day soon,
hopefully, increased patient power, NHS resources and vociferous
advocates of integrated medicine will shift the balance between
the conventional and the complementary, and the great event will
happen. The NHS will finally lower its drawbridge and the historical
rift between the orthodox and the alternative will be over.
· Dr Michael Dixon is a GP at College Surgery in Cullompton,
Devon and the author of The Human Effect in Medicine (£17.95,
Radcliffe Medical Press).