Dr. Norman Shealy, Dr. Richard Cox In `Pain Reduction and Relaxation with Brain Wave Synchronization (Photo-Stimulation). Study performed by the Forest Institute of Professional Psychology, Springfield, Missouri, 1990, 9pp.
Cerebral synchronization was obtained with photic stimulation devices and tested on more than 5,000 patients suffering from chronic pain and stress-symptoms during the `80s. A detailed study on 92 patients indicated that 88 obtained relaxation results higher than 60% after 30- minute sessions at 10 hz. Thirty patients had sessions in Theta (5 hz) and experienced relaxation states of 50-100% after five minutes as well as improved pain relief. Eight patients had blood tests before and after the sessions and showed improved beta-endorphin levels of 10-50%. All of these relaxation results are improved when combining the photic stimulation with relaxation audio tapes.
Dr. Roger K. Cady, Dr. Norman Shealy in "Neurochemical Responses
to Cranial Electrical Stimulation and Photo-Stimulation via Brain Wave
Synchronization."Study performed by the Shealy Institute of Comprehensive
Health Care, Springfield, Missouri, 1990, 11 pp.:
Dr. Thomas Budzynski in "Biofeedback and the Twilight States of
Consciousness," in G.E. Schwartz and D. Shapiro eds., Consciousness
and Self-Regulation, vol. 1, New York, Plenum 1976 and non-published
studies at the Biofeedback Institute of Denver, 1980:
Dr. Roman Chrucky, Medical Director of North Jersey Development Center
in Totowa, New Jersey:
Dr. Gene W. Brockopp, Review of Research on Multi-Modal Sensory Stimulation
with Clinical Implications and Research Proposals (non-published,1984):
Dr. Brockopp conclusion is that dissipative structures allow the mind-via audio-visual stimulation-to abandon certain present neurological structures in order to maintain a higher, more coherent and flexible state of consciousness, thus allowing for improved communication of neuro-entities.
Dr. Norman Thomas and David Siever, University of Alberta, Florida.
Several publications, notably: The Effect of Repetitive Audio/Visual
Stimulation in Skeletomotor and Vasomotor Activity, 1989:
These findings were also verified by James Greene and Dr. E.J. Baukus of FOCUS Human Research Development in Bourdonnais, Illinois. The muscular tension curve of the trapezius muscle during a MindsEyeTM (audio-visual mind-machine) indicative of deep muscular relaxation.
Dr. Robert Cosgrove, Jr. of the anesthesia department of Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
Dr. Cosgrove proceeded in 1988 with multiple experiences with the same devices and concluded that states of deep relaxation are obtained with these machines. "We are very optimistic about the possibilities of calming our patients before and after surgery. By the way, we already treat chronic stress affected patients. Thus, our EEG analysis shows that optimal cerebral functioning can be obtained with regular use of such audio-visual apparatus. The machines could eventually slow the decreasing cerebral performance with the elderly. This type of machine could 'revolutionize neurology and medicine.'"
Elisabeth Philipos, Pepperdine University, California, and James McGaugh,
University of California, Irvine, have tested the effects of Theta frequencies
Dale S. Foster of Memphis State University, "EEG and Subjective
Correlates of Alpha Frequency Binaural Beats Stimulation Combined with
Alpha Biofeedback," 1988:
D.J. Anderson, B.Sc., M.B., "The Treatment of Migraine with Variable
Frequency Photo-Stimulation," in Headache, March 1989, pp 154-155:
Dr. Glen D. Solomon, "Slow Wave Photic Stimulation in the Treatment
of Headache-A Preliminary Report," in Headache, November 1985, pp
Joseph Glickson, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, "Photic
Driving and Altered States of Consciousness: An Exploratory Study," in
Imagination, Cognition and Personality, vol. 6(2), 1986-87, pp 167-182:
Paul Williams and Michael West, Department of Psychological Medicine,
University Hospital of Wales and University of Wales Institute of Science
and Technology, Cardiff, Wales, "EEG Responses to Photic Stimulation
in Persons Experienced in Meditation," in Electroencephalography
and Clinical Neurophysiology, 1975, 39, pp 519-522:
Tsuyoshi Inouye, Noboru Sumitsuji and Kazuo Matsumoto, Department of
Neuropsychiatry, Osaka University Medical School, Japan, "EEG Changes
Induced by Light Stimuli Modulated with the Subject's Alpha Rhythm," in
Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 1980, 49, pp 135-142:
Ronald Lesser, Hans Luders, G. Klem and Dudley Dinner, Department of
Neurology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, "Visual Potentials Evoked
by Light- Emitting Diodes Mounted in Goggles," in Cleveland Clinic
Quarterly, vol. 52, No. 2, Summer 1985, pp. 223-228:
Takeo Takahashi and Yasuo Tsukahara, Department of Neuropsychiatry of
Tohoku University School of Medicine, Tohoku, Japan, "Influence
of Red Light and Pattern on Photic Driving;' in Tohoku Journal of Experimental
Medicine, 1979, 127, pp. 45-52:
Richard E. Townsend, Ph.D. of Neuropsychiatric Research, U.S. Naval
Hospital in San Diego, "A Device for Generation and Presentation
of Modulated Light Stimuli," in Electroencephalography and Clinical
Neurophysiology, 1973, 34, pp 97-99:
Dr. William Harris, Director of the Penwell Foundation, USA in 1990:
Preliminary studies with audio-visual brain stimulators used by patients with AIDS indicate that "the devices are extremely efficient in terms of providing mental clarity, improved sleeping patterns (for sleep preparation and sleep duration) allowing for better physical disintoxication by the liver. The apparatus also stimulates immunology functions through states of deep relaxation."
Alan Richardson and Fiona McAndrew, Department of Psychology, University
of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia, "The Effects of Photic
Stimulation and Private Self-consciousness on the Complexity of Visual
Imagination Imagery," in British Journal of Psychology, 1990, 81
Dr. Olivier Carreau, Saint-Louis Hospital in Paris, on "Efficiency
of the MindsEye Plus audio-visual stimulator in treatment of the psoriasis
during puvatherapy," study completed in January 1991.
Other Studies Studies Currently Underway
University of Illinois: Sport performance, stress reduction and gerontologic research.
San Francisco State University: Effect of brain stimulation on toxicomania.
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston: Audio-visual brain stimulation and anti-dependency.
University of Alberta: Pain reduction via audio-visual stimulation.
University of Iowa: Accelerated learning and Alpha/Theta stimulation.
University of Vienna, Austria: Study realized by Dr. T. Wenzel of the Clinical Hospital for Psychiatry on the influence of audio-visual stimulation on psychosomatic problems.
University of Zurich, Switzerland: Professor Dr. Dittrich on theory and practice of audio-visual stimulation in therapy.
University of Giessen, Germany: Professor Dr. Prehn on neurological correlations of cerebral stimulation technology (measurements with SQUID).
Verein FOCUS, Vienna, Austria: Dr. Kapellner on the effects of deep relaxation and the access of subconsciousness during psychiatric treatment.
Dr. Jacques Puichaud, UPEA, La Rochelle, France: On the effects of MindsEye Plus relaxation sessions compared to other methods while treating adolescent depression.
University of Essen, Germany: Dr. Bittner on accelerated learning and Theta frequencies: effects on intelligence and relaxation.
Dr. Bernard Ferracci, psychiatrist, Paris, France: On brain-frequency stimulation with the CourierTM and insomnia.
Dr. Yann Rougier, neuropsychiatrist, Lyon, France: On audio-visual stimulation devices in therapeutic treatment.
Innerspace Therapy Center, Los Gatos, California: Dr. Ammon-Wexler on the efficiency of audio-visual stimulation in anti-drug treatments.
Julian Isaacs, Ph.D. and Megabrain, Inc., San Francisco are currently studying the effects of audio-visual brain stimulation with electronic 24- channel EEG. Preliminary conclusions indicate that these devices are particularly efficient for Alpha state of consciousness entrainment, in particular with high-intensity LEDs (red or white).
The Clinical Guide to Sound and Light
C. Maxwell Cade, in his research concerning the mind and its states of awareness, conclude that peak mental functioning is associated with bilateral hemispheric synchrony. This study implies that to reach a peak state of performance, a client must in some way harmonize both sides of the brain one with the other. However, accomplishing this task is difficult and time consuming unless a “secret ingredient” is utilized