state of consciousness that differs significantly
from baseline or normal consciousness often identified
with a brain state that differs significantly from
the brain state at baseline or normal consciousness.
and the left and Right Brain
Maclean discovered in his research on the human
brain that by far, most of Western Society never
escapes the trap of the Left Brain and its Ego.
Consequently, all types of illnesses result because
of the lack of contact with the Right Brain, which
contains the Self. Because of the polarity between
the Left Brain and the Right Brain techniques must
be used to make contact between them and begin
the Integration process.
and Right Brain
- responsible for logic functions such as
mathematics, computations, logical deductions
- examines things part by part, and relates
to small details
- uses sums and computations to reach estimates
- does things one at a time
Factual - deals with details, items,
particulars, features of a thing
- works within the parameters of the individual's
- responsible for imagination, visualisation
and 'open ended' creative thinking.
- arranges the parts to form the whole; can
perceive the whole
- uses intuition to sense or get a feeling
of a situation,( including hunches)
- does differenmt tasks at once
things Visual /visuo-spatial - uses imagery, colours; perceives shape
- in touch with, and can tap into, unlimited
connecting a subject to an Electroencephalograph
(EEG), his/her brain waves can be measured
in cycles per second (c.p.s.). This is not so much
a quantitative measure of mental activity as it
is of a state of mind. There are essentially four
states - beta, alpha, theta and delta. Although
these have only been scientifically studied with
the advent of modern equipment, I was intrigued
to unearth mention of these four states in ancient
eastern texts. It seems that some ancient societies
have long known how to exploit the mind's unlimited
potential. But whereas in the past such knowledge
was limited to a privileged few, today it has been
made more accessible, and streamlined with modern
an average of 20 c.p.s., the beta state is the
normal, everyday waking state. In this state we
are predominantly engaged in left brain activity.
Lowering the brain wave frequency to around 15
c.p.s. brings us into the alpha state, and it is
here that right brain activity is engaged. Lower
still are theta and delta, but these do not concern
us as they are really only accessed during sleep.
Lowering frequency simply means cutting out unnecessary
stress and brain 'chit-chat'. Besides engaging
creative abilities, this makes the individual more
alert,allows clearer thinking and enables mental
faculties which the beta level does not. Although
we talk of lowering frequency, the effect is more
of an altered state.
are particularly interested in the alpha state,
as this is where right brain activity can be actively
engaged. This state brings into play our imaginative
and creative faculties, as well as our intuitive
mind. It is the state at which ideas will flow
more readily. In everyday life, we go through alpha
at least twice a day - in the evening as we drift
off to sleep, and in the morning when we wake up.
This explains why many top inventions were conceived
early in the morning, or during a state of relaxation.
Einstein came up with the theory of relativity
not in his laboratory but while sunbathing on a
hillside. Although mathematics is predominantly
a left brain activity, he allocated time to relaxing
his mind, and advised his students to do likewise.
Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison, Wolfgang Mozart, Einstien
and other successful thinkers and geniuses employed
similar techniques. Our aim naturally, is to produce
alpha frequencies while fully alert. A state of
alpha does not put one to sleep, on the contrary,
it confers a whole spectrum of benefits.
following are some of the principal benefits of
right brain activity towards personal effectiveness
of human resources:
Enhanced creativity and imagination
The right brain can be thought of being connected directly to the source of
creativity, and the alpha state is hence more conducive to innovative thinking
and generation of new ideas.
Problem-solving and trouble-shooting
With the mind in a more relaxed state and access to its immense creative resources,
it is naturally better disposed to deal with crisis and solve problems constructively.
The alpha state has a built-in fringe benefit in that it actually releases
accumulated stress and tension from both body and mind. In our hectic lifestyles,
this makes for more harmonious working conditions on both micro and macro levels,
with resultant improved teamwork, drops in absenteeism, improved well being
and other long-term benefits
Studies at Harvard revealed that the majority of presidents and managers of
multi-national companies attributed up to 80% of their success to intuition.
Intuition - the legendary hunches and gut feelings of the seasoned businessperson
- can indeed be a very important element in business. Yet because it defies
tangible description, intuition is hardly ever mentioned in conventional training
programmes, with the exception of a few mind dynamics systems. Open-minded,
right brain thinking is highly conducive to intuition, particularly in deep
states of alpha.
Easier implementation of personal change
The quest towards personal effectiveness often involves effecting changes in
disposition or attitude, enhancing constructive traits and eliminating unconstructive
ones, as described earlier. The alpha state very much facilitates these processes.
During powerful workshops that promote change, I often find it useful to induce
states of alpha in order to catalyse new awareness at deeper subconscious levels
Enhanced study / learning abilities, and memory
Another important benefit of right brain patterns is that they greatly facilitate
learning and study, as well as memory retention. This explains the effectiveness
of accelerated learning methods.
Better rapport and negotiation skills
Establishing rapport with others during meetings and negotiations can mean
the difference between agreement or non-agreement, deal or no deal. Even the
most powerful NLP rapport skills work better if one has accessed a state of
alpha. The subject can then be 'paced and led' to follow suit, creating a resonant
state of mind which makes for better bilateral agreement.
Other mind skills
Possibly the most outstanding applications of right brain methodology lie in
the use of specialised techniques which present new, often astonishing possibilities.
Examples of applications are the gaining of new mental information, establishing
non-localised rapport, boosting goal achievement through visualisation, solo
brainstorming and mental 'market-testing' of concepts. These are some of the
applications reportedly experienced around the world from light and sound users.
The advantage of these light and sound tools is, that they enable onewith practice
to access a peak performance state at will, a state which is then gradually
integrated into daily life.
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can encourage the Brain to peak performance
far the best way of inducing right brain activity
high performance, is through specialised
tools such as the David paradise systems
David P36 ces
. These make use of programmed light and sound and are particularly effective
in Raising the right brain parameters over the left, by which it then can be
accessed, at will, for various applications. Similar techniques are employed
in the mental training programmes of athletes.
For both sports , business and Altered States of Consciousness, the objective
is the same, to attain peak performance.
the Brain and Mind
Human performance in all areas can be deliberately improved through environmental,
biochemical, and psychophysiological manipulation of the brain and mind. One
way this takes place is by using machines designed
by researchers to stimulate the human neocortex through exposure to experiences
which are novel, changing, and challenging,
and which provide the brain and mind an opportunity to exercise itself by means
of self-observation and self-transformation.
brain is an electrically powered and electricity-
generating organ. Composed of an estimated one
hundred billion neurons, each neuron produces and
transmits electrical impulses which travel from
the cell body down long fibers called axons until
they reach a junction, or synapse, with another
neuron. At the junction point the electrical impulses
fire chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters,
across the synaptic gap to receptors on the next
cell. Having received the message, that neuron
then generates its own electrical impulse and sends
it to other neurons to which it is connected. Each
neuron can be connected to thousands of other neurons,
each simultaneously sending and receiving impulses
to and from thousands of other neurons--so one
neuron can electrically alter millions of other
increase in neuron size, thicker cerebral
size, and more neuron- neuron connection
are all examples of the plasticity of the
brain. In one study designed to show the
effects of rats in a rich and stimulating
environment, found that the rats brain
weight increased by about 7-10% after 60
days, with synaptic connections increasing
by about 20% (4). It has also been experimentally
shown that new and novel experiences increase
the number of excitatory synapses per neuron
and decreases the number of inhibitory
ones in the visual cortex (4). The modification
of the excitatory and inhibitory balance
is a direct result of the plasticity factor
in action. Also, the plasticity factor
can increase or decrease the number of
neurons depending on the richness or depravity
of the experience. The neuronal increase
was approximately 35-40% more neurons in
the olfactory region (4). During human
development, connections are being built
at the speed of about 3 billion a second,
reaching 1,000 trillion connections in
the whole brain. All of these many neurons, connections, and maintenance thereof do
not exist to remain dormant.
get an idea of how complex this electrical system
is, the National Academy of Sciences estimates
that "a single human brain has a greater number
of possible connections among its nerve cells than
the total number of atomic particles in the universe."
lose approximately 100,000 neurons each
day after age 30 and the cortex loses about
30% of its neurons between adulthood and
longstanding belief that the adult brains do
not produce new neurons is being challenged
by current research. Adults may indeed be able
to generate new neurons, in a process called
neurogenesis, throughout life and at the rate
of thousands per day.
advances by two neuroscientists, Fred H. Gage of
the Salk Institute in San Diego and Peter S. Eriksson
of the Göteborg University Institute of Clinical
Neuroscience, indicate that the old belief
( theyve always believed
that the more complex and highly evolved human
brain, after reaching maturity, cannot
produce new neurons)
is wrong. Gage and Eriksson collected the first convincing evidence that the
brains of adult humans, even elderly people, regularly regenerate neurons in
the hippocampus. Why is the hippocampus of interest? It appears to control
which experiences are filed away into long-term memory and which pass into
oblivion. It is not only where memories are stored, but it also controls which
bits of information become memories. Simply put, it is the control panel for
A 1997 study revealed that adult mice in enriched living conditions grew 60%
more neurons than did genetically identical control animals, and they did better
on a learning tasks. These results held even for elderly mice, which typically
produce new neurons at a much lower rate than younger mice
In addition to environmental enrichment, animal studies in the last several
years have identified other factors that influence neurogenesis. Stress
has shown signs of being an inhibitor, while exercise tends to increase
new nerve cell production. However, these links are still being investigated
and are quite preliminary. The truth is that there are many steps to neurogenesis,
and there are multiple factors that affect it at any stage of the game.
Light And Sound Help!
and sound systems use intense programs of
light and sound frequencies in multi-sensory
stimuli to encourage the brain to grow new neural
pathways. It is also likely that they encourages
the growth of new neurons and to have these neurons
migrate to the parts of the brain where they
are most needed for overcoming the conditions
commonly known as Attention
Deficit Disorder, dyslexia ,memory and other
is the use of mechanical means to amplify certain
internal cues, make us aware of them, and make
it possible to control mental and brain states.
Extensive research has shown that what were thought
to be "involuntary" psychophysiological
states, such as blood pressure, body temperature,
etc., are in fact controllable through
the use of biofeedback.
means getting immediate ongoing infomation
about one's own biological processes or conditions,
such as heart behavior, temperature, brain-wave
activity, blood pressure, or muscle tension.
Information is usually fed back by a meter,
by a light or sound, or subjects simply watch
the physiological record as it emerges from
the monitoring equipment. Biofeedback training
means using the information to change and control
voluntarily the specific process or response
Green, Beyond Biofeedback
of the early researchers, Elmer Green of the
Menninger Clinic in Kansas, used biofeedback
instruments to study Eastern yogis. He discovered
that certain yogis could control their internal
states merely through meditation and thought.
Maurice "Barry" Sterman,
a professor emeritus in the departments of Neurobiology
and Psychiatry at UCLA, began an experiment in
1965 on brain wave states in cats. He accidentally
discovered a specific EEG rhythm state during which
the cat, waiting for a reward of food, became absolutely
still, though extremely alert. Sterman named this
frequency "sensorimotor rhythm" (SMR).
He isolated the 12 to 15 hertz frequencies (SMR)
in the EEG of the experimental cats and operantly
conditioned them to create this state. Sterman
then worked with a human subject, a young lady
who suffered from epileptic seizures two or more
times per month. Epilepsy is accompanied by an
invasion of unwanted theta wave frequency in the
brain. The subject was connected to the EEG equipment
and was tasked with keeping a green light on (presence
of SMR) and a red light off (presence of theta
waves). The subject was able to create SMR for
long periods and her seizures reduced in number
and intensity. She remained seizure-free after
the experiment for a number of months.
I had heard half-joking remarks about researchers
in biofeedback sounding like snake-oil salesmen.
It didn't bother me until one of our own doctors
cautioned against the concept of biofeedback as
a panacea. Then I gave it serious thought. Why
did biofeedback prove helpful in the treatment
of so many and varied disorders? Suddenly
I realized that it isn't biofeedback that is the
'panacea'--it is the power within the human being
to self-regulate, self-heal, re-balance. Biofeedback
does nothing to the person; it is a tool for releasing
that potential." Alyce Green, Beyond Biofeedback
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our ordinary waking state, we primarily experience
beta brain waves (which vibrate at a frequency
ranging from about 13 to 30 hertz or cycles per
second). During deep relaxation, we move to alpha
waves (8-13 Hz) and we ordinarily only experience
theta waves (4-7 Hz) in those brief moments between
waking and sleeping. The ultraslow delta waves
(0.5-4 Hz) occur during sleep.
have found that when meditators reach a state of
deep awareness and internal mental serenity the
two hemispheres of their brain--which ordinarily
generate brain waves of different frequencies and
amplitudes--become synchronized, both hemispheres
generating the same brain waves.
Gerald Oster, a biophysicist at Mount Sinai School
of Medicine in New York City discovered that pulsations
called binaural beats occurred in the brain when
tones of different
frequency were presented separately to each ear.
have a finely woven, intricate interrelationship
of brainwavefrequencies that delicately determines
our state of consciousness.Being able to intentionally
alter this combination of brainwavefrequencies
is an intrinsic part of developing the self-mastery
that leads to a high-performance mind - one
that can enter thestate of consciousness that
is most beneficial or desirable for any given
Monroe developed tapes which send signals separately
to each ear--signals of 400 and 404 hertz, for
example--resulting in the sounds blending inside
the brain and setting up a binaural
beat frequency of 4 Hz (theta waves), producing
a state of brain hemisphere
equilibrium and altered states.
optimum brainwave pattern
The optimum brainwave pattern for creativity,
healing, insight and all forms of high performance
combines the intuitive, empathetic
radar of delta waves, the creative inspiration, personal insight,
and spiritual awareness of theta waves, the bridging capacity and
relaxed, detached, awareness of alpha waves, and the external attention
and ability to consciously process thought of beta waves, all at
the same time. Originally discovered in yogis, swamis and those in
higher states of consciousness by C. Maxwell Cade, this awakened
mind pattern can also be found during the "ah-ha" experience
and all forms of peak performance, regardless of activity, content,
intention, philosophy or theology.
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of the most basic human experiences, one that
is genuinely universal and unites -- or, more
precisely, could unite -- all of humanity, is
the experience of transcendence in the broadest
sense of the word." -- Václav
Havel, President, Czech Republic
states of Consciousness
states of consciousness generally include alterations
in both the content and functioning of the consciousness,
usually experienced by an individual and somtimes
observed by others watching him. The term "state" is
not to be trivialized but denotes the states or
stages of behavior through which the individual
progresses. Frequently persons in these states
appear to be in a sleeplike condition commonly
referred to as a trance.
the long term effects are the radical shifts in
the perception in one's self and environment that
result in a semi-permanent redefinition of one's
self, world, and values. Frequently altered states
of consciousness either are induced personally
or by others which may or may not produce lasting
effects. Some religious groups do seek to induce
such altered states in persons so they may derive
spiritual insight and value changes from them.
The most dramatic examples of these states are
experience of being united with God or nature is
called a mystical experience. Such experiences
may be of a religious or nonreligious nature. The
nonreligious experiences derive much of their content
from nature; although many religious mystics have
been lead to God or the Absolute through nature.
However, not all transcendental experiences with
nature are mystical, but just render feelings of
overwhelming joy or ecstasy.
other than religious beliefs, such as illnesses
and accidents, can result in altered states of
consciousness or mystical experiences.
Swedenborg (1688-1772), the Swedish scientist and
scholar, also claimed to have experienced mystical
experiences in the form of dreams. These episodes
began at the age of fifty-six. In these dreams
he traveled to spiritual planes such as heaven
and hell where he claimed to have spoken with Jesus,
and God, and spirits of the dead which he referred
to as angels. Also, he claimed to have seen the
order of the universe. He continued spending most
of the remainder of his life taking these spiritual
journeys usually in a light sleep or trance which
sometimes lasted as long as three days. As a result
of these trips his spiritual views differed greatly
from orthodox Christianity. His views were published
in several books.
Cayce (1877-1945) sometimes called the "sleeping
prophet" gave prophetic, healing, and karmic
readings in a light-sleep state similar to that
of Swedenborg. Cayce put himself into a hypnotic
trance while lying down and then gave personal
readings. He helped heal many persons this way
by describing their ailments and then prescribing
what the person should do in the form of treatment.
He gave many karmic readings telling about the
lost continent of Atlantis and other ancient places.
Frequently when giving solitary readings Cayce
would have the person taking down his reading tap
him to prevent him from going into a deeper sleep.
within shamanism altered states of consciousness
are employed. They are often self-induced by the
shaman and called the shamanic state of consciousness.
This is a state can vary from a light sleep to
a coma which enables the shaman to see and do things
in a nonordinary reality which he cannot do in
the ordinary reality of a waking state. It is in
this nonordinary reality the shaman can perform
cures with the help of guardian spirits and spirit
helpers and do shape shifting
Frequency 4.5 hz
in current science can account for consciousness,
yet consciousness is the one thing we cannot deny.
The exploration of this final frontier has now
become imperative. It is clear that most of the
problems we face today global, social, and
personal stem from human thinking, perception,
and values. The crisis is, at its roots, a crisis
of consciousness. Now, more than ever, we need
to understand our own minds, and how to liberate
ourselves from the limiting egocentric modes of
thinking so that we can achieve our true inner
potential." ~Peter Russell
awakened mind brainwave pattern combines the intuitive,empathetic
radar of the delta waves, the creative inspiration,
personal insight, and spiritual awareness of the
theta waves, the bridging capacity and relaxed,
detached, awareness of the alphawaves, and the
external attention and ability to consciously process
thought of beta waves, all at the same time. This
brainwave pattern can be found during "peak
experience" or "peak performance",
regardless of the content or intention, in all
forms of creativity and high performance. The awakened
mind is also the"ah-ha", appearing at
the exact instant of solving the problem, or getting
have no doubt whatever that most people live,
whether physically, intellectually, or morally,
in a very restricted circle of their potential
being . . . the so-called "normal man" of
commerce, so to speak, the healthy Philistine,
is a mere extract from the potentially realizable
individual he represents, and we all have reservoirs
of life to draw upon of which we do not dream.
(O'Brien, 1964, p. 155)
or the Fully Awakened mind has been given many
names. Buddha means "the enlightened one;" Christ
and Messiah also mean that. St. Paul called it "the
peace of God that passeth under-standing" and
Richard Maurice Bucke named it "cosmic consciousness." In
Zen it is satori, in yoga it is samadhi or moksha,
in Sufism it is fana, in Taoism it is wu or The
Ultimate Tao. Jurdjieff labeled it "objective
consciousness," Sri Aurobindo spoke of the
Supermind, mystery schools and occult paths speak
of "illumination," "liberation," and "self-realization." Likewise,
enlightenment has been symbolized by many images;
the thousand-petaled lotus of Hinduism, the Holy
Grail of Christianity, the clear mirror of Buddhism,
Judaism's Star of David, the yin-yang circle of
Taoism, the mountaintop, the swan, the still lake,
the mystic rose, the eternal flame. (p. xvi)
perennial belief in the existence of an uninterrupted
intuition of Oneness is rooted in the recurring
notion that humankind is uniquely situated to simultaneously
experience the finite and the infinite
has been called a sacred hunger,
the quest for truth, the longing for God,
the search for fulfillment.
In the space between two thoughts.
An inexplicable occurrence of perfect
peace in the depths of Chaos
Light And Sound Help!
and sound systems use intense programs
of light and sound frequencies in multi-sensory
stimuli to encourage Hemispheric balancing.
has been estimated that the average person has
sixty thousand separate thoughts each and every
day. The problem with this is that we have the
same sixty thousand thoughts today that we had
yesterday, and we'll repeat them again tomorrow.
Our minds are filled with the same chatter day
in and day out. Learning to be quiet and meditate
involves figuring out a way to enter the spaces
between your thoughts; or the gap, as I call it.
In this silent empty space between your thoughts,
you can find a sense of total peace' in a realm
that is ordinarily unknowable. Here, any illusion
of your separateness is shattered. However, if
you have sixty thousand separate thoughts in a
day, there is literally no time available to enter
the space between your thoughts, because there
is no space!
of us have minds that race full-speed day and night.
Our thoughts are a hodgepodge of continuous dialogue
about schedules, money worries, sexual fantasies,
grocery lists, drapery problems, concern about
the children, vacation plans, and on and on like
a merry-go-round that never stops.
Those sixty thousand thoughts are usually about ordinary daily activities and
create a mental pattern that leaves no space for silence.
The mind is like a pond. On the surface you see all the disturbances, yet the
surface is only a fraction of the pond. It is in the depth below the
surface, where there is stillness, that you will come to know the true
essence of the pond, as well as your own mind.
By going below the surface, you come to the spaces between thoughts, where
you are able to enter the gap. The gap is total emptiness or silence, and it
is indivisible. No matter how many times you cut silence in half, you still
get silence. This is what is meant by now. Perhaps it is the essence of God,
that which cannot be divided from the oneness.
and Sound Systems have helped many experience this
space, this gap.
Pal 36 ces
is in the heart of all things. We cannot hear silence,
we become silence. To become silence, we have to
find our way through the narrow gap between two
thoughts. Silence also begins in that place where
the breath, as it enters us, comes to rest, and
from where the breath, as it leaves us, comes from.
in the space between two thoughts, the trough of
the brainwave, the pause between exhalation and
inhalation, is the true altered state: the presence
of the peace-bestowing, ever tranquil, ever fertile
has his future within him dynamically alive at this
Abraham Maslow, Psychologist